Serological Studies of Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) on Jeddah Population, Saudi ArabiaWorld Applied Sciences Journal
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is often a self limiting disease that can be associated with fulminant hepatic failure (FHF). The objective of this study was prevalence of Hepatitis A virus (HAV) on Jeddah population, Saudi Arabia. Also find out the relationship of result with age, gender and ethnicity. For all age groups, there was no significant difference between genders regarding anti–HAV sero positivity. The prevalence of IgG antibodies to HAV was 33.1% overall, 33.6% among males and 32.5% among females with no statistically significant difference (P>0.05). However, it increased significantly with the age. prevalence of Hepatitis A virus by nationality, The IgG antibodies to HAV were found in 20.3 % of Saudi population and 49% of non Saudi population (p0.05). A higher proportion of non–Saudi population were found anti HAV seropositive than Saudi population. There was significant difference between nationalities regarding anti–HAV seropositivity. The prevalence of HAV among adult population (39.3%) was higher than among children population (22.4). The chi–square test showed significant differences in the prevalence of HAV between adult and children population (p0.05).
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