Feasibility Study for Replacement of Renewable Sources of Energy, in Selected Segments Fars ProvinceWorld Applied Sciences Journal
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Iran has a vast supply of renewable energy resources, but, due to high reliance on fossil sources of energy, less attention was paid to utilization of renewable energy till now. Fortunately today the importance of renewable energy alternatives are understood, therefore many projects are implemented by scientists supported by the private or public sector, to make renewable energy useful for households and industries. This study established to show the feasibility for replacement of the conventional energy sources, in Fars province, located in south part of Iran. To do so, a questionnaire was prepared in accordance to ASABE S612 to audit the households’ energy utilization; evaluation of the forms should answer the following questions: Which are the most energy consumer activities in rural life? How rural households use energy? Which renewable based technologies can be used & is feasible for the villagers? In regard to impact of thermal needs in energy consumption, three thermal region segments were considered. By using cluster sampling method, 3–4 villages and in each one, 4–5 families were selected to fill out the questionnaires, in each segment. Analysis of the forms showed that the highest share of energy consumption belongs to electricity appliances. In the second step the renewables potential in the region, was evaluated by using the official data; and at the end, by using VENSIM software and the present data and the collected data, during the research, a model was evaluated to show the forecasts’ for energy consumption status of Fars, if the current trend, would continues.
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