Hydro–political Economy for Pace Building in Internatinal Relations (Case Study: Turkey and Kurds)کنفرانس بین المللی اقتصاد مدیریت و علوم اجتماعی
This study examine the political construction of scale as central to negotiations between states sharing freshwater resources. Indeed, we argue that such scalar negotiations and constructions of freshwater became central to the very consolidation of states in the region (specifically Israel and Turkey, given the case studies examined here). First providing a discussion on political construction and performativities of scale, we examine each of the two case studies in turn beforedrawing conclusions related to the importance of such scalar constructions for water issues and state building in the Middle East. This study discursively traces Turkey’s development into ahydro–hegemonic state in the Kurdish States River Basin. Recognizing conflict as a power–ladensocial system, it makes visible the construction, production and circulation of Israel’s power in the basin. It examines key narrative elements invoked by Israel to justify its evolvingasymmetric, hydro–hegemonic relations. Leveraging the hydro–political peace–buildingframework, itself constituted of equality, partnership, equity and shared sustainability, this study also examines the discursive practices of Turkey trans–boundary water and peace practitioners inrelationship with Palestinians. In so doing, it makes visible their hydro–hegemony, hydropoliticalpeace–building and hydro–hegemonic residues. This study’s conclusions re–affirm notably that environmental and hydro–political cooperation neither inherently nor necessarily constitute peace–building practice between Turkish Kurds, Iraqi Kurdistan and Republic of Turkey.<\div>
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