توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱Editing or revision: An examination of EFL teachers' feedback on writing drafts
نویسنده(ها): ، ، ، ، ، ، ،
اطلاعات انتشار: Teaching English Language and Literature Society of Iran (TELLSI)، هفتم،شماره۲۰، Fall & Winter ۲۰۱۳، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۳۵
Second language acquisition (SLA) literature is replete with studies exploring the effect of teachers‟ corrective feedback or comments on the improvement of students‟ writing accuracy, with little attention paid to the true nature of the process of revision. This case study was intended to understand the type and nature of revision that writing teachers required students to make to their drafts based on the feedback they were provided. A second aim of the study was to reveal how students evaluated teachers' comments and what problems they faced in revising their writing drafts. A close scrutiny of four university teachers‟ comments on the papers of 32 student–writers reveals that writing teachers provide, to a large extent, common and identical comments which mainly deal with language–bound errors and problems. They hardly seem to expect students to re–examine the text beyond its surface level. In the current study, almost 97 per cent of teachers‟ comments directed students‟ attention to low level skills such as punctuation, spelling and grammatical structure. Teachers‟ comments did not seem to communicate to student writers the meaning of revision anything more than editing or proofreading. The results also indicated that students did not attribute any other meaning to revision than tidying–up or copy–editing. The problems students faced while revising are discussed and some pedagogical implications are offered.

۲Some properties reproductive of the speckled shrimp (Metapenaeus monoceros Fabricius, 1798) in the North–eastern Mediterranean
نویسنده(ها): ، ، ، ، ، ،
اطلاعات انتشار: IRANIAN JOURNAL OF FISHERIES SCIENCES، چهاردهم،شماره۲، Apr ۲۰۱۵، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۹
Speckled shrimp (Metapenaeus monoceros), is a commercially important prawn in the embayments and estuaries of the Mediterranean Sea. It is originally a Lessepsian species which had migrated from the Red Sea into the Mediterranean Sea through the Suez Canal. This study was carried out in the North–eastern Mediterranean Sea between November 2009 and October 2010 with monthly sampling of speckled shrimps, by bottom trawl operations. Totally 784 specimens of this shrimp were studied, and the male\female ratio was determined as 1:1.4. The minimum size at first maturity for females was measured as 74 mm TL, and 50% of the female population were mature at about 110 mm (TL50%). It was also determined that female shrimps had developed their eggs between June to October, with two peak spawning periods between June–July, and August and October.
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