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۱Soil moisture affects fatty acids and oil quality parameters in peanut
اطلاعات انتشار: International Journal of Plant Production، هفتم،شماره۱(پياپي ۲۳)، Jan ۲۰۱۳، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۱۶
Drought affects yield of peanut, but its effect on oleic and linoleic acids that influence its oil quality of peanut genotypes with different levels of drought resistance has not been clearly investigated. Therefore, the aims of this research were to determine whether soil water levels could affect oil quality by changes in fatty acid compositions of peanut, and to investigate the changes in oil characters in peanut genotypes with their potential drought resistance under different water regimes. Field experiments were conducted in split–plot designs with four replications during dry season for two years (2003\04 and 2004\05). Three water regimes [field capacity (FC), 2\3 available soil water (2\3 AW) and 1\3 available soil water (1\3 AW)] were assigned as main–plots, and six peanut genotypes were assigned as sub–plots. The data were recorded at maturity for fatty acid compositions and % oil. Seed samples were analyzed for % oil by Soxtec System HT, and fatty acid compositions were analyzed by gas liquid chromatography. Differences among water regimes and peanut genotypes were significant for oleic and linoleic acids content and their ratio (O\L ratio), unsaturated to saturated fatty acid ratio (U\S ratio) and iodine value (IV). Genotype × water regime interactions were also significant for all characters. Drought improved the oil quality by significant increase in oleic acid and O\L ratio, and reduced the linoleic acid, IV and U\S ratio. Peanut genotypes with different levels of drought resistance displayed similar tendency in fatty acid characters under drought conditions.
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