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۱Microbiology and Evaluation of Antibiotic Resistant Bacterial Profiles of Drinking Water in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
اطلاعات انتشار: World Applied Sciences Journal، سي ام،شماره۱۱، ۲۰۱۴، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۱۰
This research work presents a study on drinking water quality in District Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan, which involved bacteriological analyses and evaluation of antibiotic resistant bacteria from different drinking water sources. The drinking water sources included tube well, hand pump and tap water. Total 30 water samples were analyzed for total plate count, total coliform bacteria, fecal coliform, E.coli,Salmonella typhi, Shigella spp, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiellapneumonia, Vibrio cholera, yeast and mold. Drinking water samples contaminated with E.coli, Salmonella typhi, Shigella spp, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumonia and Vibrio cholera, wereselected and tested for their susceptibility to fourteen different antibiotics by disc diffusion method. The study showed that minimum TPC values were 25 CFU\ml and maximum values were 5600 CFU\ml, minimum total coliform values were 1.1 MPN\100ml and maximum values were >23 MPN\100ml, 20% samples were contaminated with fecal coliform, 16.67% samples were contaminated with Salmonella typhi, 26.67% samples with Pseudomonas, 26.67% samples with Vibrio cholera, 26.67% samples with shigella spp, 40% samples with Klebsiella pneumonia, 56.66% samples with yeast and 13.3% samples with mold.Susceptibility studies showed that Salmonella typhi was highly resistance to Amoxicillin, Nalidixic Acid and Cephalothin, Pseudomonas aeruginosa was highly resistance to Amoxicillin, Ceftriaxone, Sulphamethoxazole\Trimethoprim and Ceftazidime, Vibrio cholera was highly resistance to Amoxicillin, Ceftriaxone,Sulphamethoxazole\Trimethoprim, Tetracycline, Nalidixic Acid and Cephalothin.Shigella spp was highly resistance to Amoxicillin, Sulphamethoxazole\Trimethoprim, Nalidixic Acid and Cephalothin and Klebsiella pneumonia was highly resistance to Amoxicillin, Sulphamethoxazole\Trimethoprim, Nalidixic Acid and Cephalothin. Based on the results it is suggested that authorities should pay attention to supply safe water and proper sanitary facilities to avoid epidemics of infectious diseases in future.
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