توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱Climate Change and Its Impacts on Tourism Industry
نویسنده(ها): ،
اطلاعات انتشار: پنجمین کنفرانس بین المللی پیشرفتهای علوم و تکنولوژی، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۸
In many destinations, tourism is closely linked with the natural environment. Climate affects a wide range of the environmental resources that are critical attractions for tourism, such as snowconditions, wildlife productivity, biodiversity, water supply and the length and quality of tourism seasons. Climate also has an important influence on environmental conditions than can deter tourists, including infectious disease, bushfires, insect, water–borne pests and extreme weather events such as tropical cyclones. With climate, a number of researchers have lamented that the vulnerability of individual tourism industries and tourism destinations to climate variability has not been adequately assessed. Butler and Jones in 2001 indicated that Climate change could havegreater effect on tomorrow’s world and tourism and hospitality in particular than anything else we have discussed .The most worrying aspect is that to all intents and purposes the tourism and hospitality industries seem intent on ignoring what could be the major problem of the century (original emphasis). Now a day, a broad range of potential climate change impact on the tourism sector was identified. This paper indicates the consequences of climate change for tourism within the context of existing knowledge about the relationship between tourism and climate and weather. The importance of local–regional scale climate analysis for tourism is presented. It also provides a brief overview of recent advances in our understanding of global climate change<\div>

۲Emergency Action Plans Implemented with Early Warning System (EAP–EWS) in Downstream Valley of Dams, a Real Case Study
نویسنده(ها): ،
اطلاعات انتشار: پنجمین کنفرانس بین المللی پیشرفتهای علوم و تکنولوژی، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۹
Dams play a vital role in flood management and there is a close relation between effective flood management and dam safety. Therefore, the safety of dams and especially downstream valley of dams should be maintained at all phases ranging from design and construction to operation in accordance with legal aspects (guidelines, legislations and regulations), necessary measures for emergency planning and flood mitigation actions should be taken. It has been learned from past experiences that the best results in flood mitigation can be achieved by combining structural measures to non–structural measures. Emergency planning in terms of Emergency Action Plan (EAP), implemented with Early Warning Systems (EWS) where necessary, are non–structural measures to minimize flood impacts and play an important roles in emergency planning in case of dam break induced flood event. The aim of emergency planning is to save lives, minimize damages to properties located at downstream as well as environment, and real time warning to hazard zones located in downstream. In order to introduce early warning systems and the operation of crisis room, the experiences of using early flood warning system located in a dam site and downstream valley of a dam is shown. In this plan a Decision Support System (DSS) under title Citect is used to making sure decision makers and stakeholders about flood hazard. The results show that in order to mitigate the potential risks caused by both natural and technical reasons and to minimize the damages and casualties to the downstream induced dam break using EWS beside External Emergency Action Plan (EEAP) is necessary.<\div>
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