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۱The Complex Relationship Between Anti–Corruption Measures and Industrial Development Levels in Singapore, Hong Kong, Malaysia and Thailand
اطلاعات انتشار: World Applied Sciences Journal، سي ام،شماره۱۱، ۲۰۱۴، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۴
Both Singapore and Hong Kong have progressed from mid–levels to the highest levels of industrial and consequent socio–economic development in the past two decades. Malaysia and Thailand, while not equalling the development levels of the former two political entities, have nonetheless also made striking progress. While Singapore and Hong Kong have implemented impressive anti–corruption agencies and measures over this period, Malaysia and Thailand have not. Singapore and Hong Kong have risen markedly in Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index. On the other hand, Malaysia and Thailand remain relatively low and have even dropped in the CPI rankings. Nevertheless, their scores in the UN’s Industrial Development rankings are high and have even risen over the same period. What is therelationship between advanced industrial development and anti–corruption successes? Does a marked reductionin corruption contribute to the advancement of economic development, or is the converse relationship possibly apposite? This paper, a macro–analysis of current literature, explores these two contrasting causal possibilities.
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