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۱An Investigation to the Leadership Culture Fit and its Impact on Job Satisfaction and Work Commitment (Text in Persian)
نویسنده(ها): ، ،
اطلاعات انتشار: World Applied Sciences Journal، سي و يكم،شماره۴، ۲۰۱۴، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۱۲
Current research attempts to define the behaviour of the employee’s job satisfaction with respect to the path goal theory of leadership. Furthermore corporate culture based on the competing value approach is still trying to learn the parameters governing this section by collect data from 200 participants from Pakistani employees who work in organizations through structured questionnaires for job satisfaction. Job satisfaction of performance is measured through multiple assessment methods and organizational culture assessment instrument (OCAI) will be used to represent leadership and culture. In order to conclude hypothesis، correlation analysis is performed to study the topic of leadership in order to measure satisfaction. Employee satisfaction to work in contrast to the participation of leaders focused on supporting student achievement and positively correlated with the behaviour of the two employees. However، it was found that organizational culture has an important role in maintaining the efficiency of these behaviours as a result of the study showed that a leader commands is most effective within the cultural complex، however، within a culture of leadership in the development and realistic statement shows a negative relationship with job satisfaction and commitment to work in hand. Leadership support and involvement in support of a more positive prominently on the group or cultural development department، but on the cultural hierarchy leadership support and involvement were negatively related to the behaviour of employees. The focus is to find realistic and cultural disciplines within the parent culture adverse to focus on culture and achievements in the development of a negative result، commitment and job satisfaction .The difference in the performance of the four forms of leadership will be recorded. Leadership، it is a cultural phenomenon، it is concluded that management style should be in accordance with the corporate culture. Although the results can be generalized in the context of the Pakistan، however future research is still needed to explore the meaning of the reslts obtained in the context of economies of other countries، such as countries in Asia to have a culture of hierarchy، so the current study provide useful results .Practitioners and administrators can increase employee job satisfaction and Commitment to work through the leadership in line with the corporate culture.

۲An Investigation of Leadership–Culture Fit with Quality Improvement and Cost Reduction by Synchronizing TQM and KM Philosophies
نویسنده(ها): ، ،
اطلاعات انتشار: World Applied Sciences Journal، سي و دوم،شماره۳، ۲۰۱۴، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۱۴
The emergence of Knowledge Economy and globalization has pushed the businesses into a new paradigm. The concept of organizational performance excellence solely based on TQM Philosophy is no longer valid in international businesses and needs to be improved. The ever increasing global competition is forcing organizations for cost reduction on one hand and enhanced quality on the other. This dilemma faced by the organizations is difficult to solve. It is argued that mixed practices based on the philosophies of TQM and KM and their synchronization is necessary to achieve performance excellence in organizations. The current research endeavoured to determine the common grounds between TQM and KM philosophies for their synchronization. The review of literature identifies two common enablers for TQM and KM namely Leadership and Corporate Culture with respect to performance excellence, using these common enablers a conceptual framework is proposed that can be used by organizations to obtain the benefits of both philosophies. The validation of the proposed framework was conducted by obtaining data from manufacturing sector. The managers from manufacturing concerns were interviewed in detail using structured questionnaire. Delphi method is adopted to develop consensus between the participants. The results showed that different leadership styles with different cultures have distinct impact on quality improvement and cost reduction efforts in the manufacturing sector. Moreover, directive leadership style and achievement oriented styles put more positive impact on quality improvement in TQM philosophy while supportive style and participative style are more consistent with KM philosophy. Similarly, results also showed that in dominant developmental or rational culture cost can be reduced in KM philosophy while leading achievement oriented or group culture improves the quality in TQM philosophy. Finally it is concluded that TQM and KM philosophies can be implemented in synchronization and their combined implementation will lead o higher performance excellence.
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