توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱Comparison Of Combination Of CIMT And BIM training With CIMT Alone On Fine Motor Skills Of Children With Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy
اطلاعات انتشار: ۲۰۱۳ - Special issue، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۶
Objectives: This study aimed to compare the combination of CIMT and BIM training with CIMT in Fine Motor Skills of Children with Hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Method: 24 children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy aged between 60 and 120 months participated in this RCT study. They were randomly assigned into CIMT and BIM training(n=12, four males, eight females mean age±standard deviation =93.58±14.24) and CIMT alone (n=12, six males, six females mean age±standard eviation = 94.00±18.97) groups. The children in the CIMT and BIM group were received a combination of CIMT and bi–manual training in addition to current occupational therapy. Each session was started with restraint on non–involved upper extremity and practicing with the involved upper extremity for three hours. This was followed with bi–manual training for another three hours. The children in CIMT group received CIMT. Each session was started with restraint on non–involved upper extremity and practicing with the involved upper extremity for six hours. This process lasted for 10 out of 12 consecutive days for both groups. Fine motor skills, upper limb function and muscle tone were assessed using Bruininks–Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Jebsen–Taylor Test of Hand Function and Modified Ashworth Scale respectively. Results: Fine motor skills and upper limb function of these children in CIMT and HABIT and CIMT alone groups had significantly improved (P< 0\05)However, these changes were not significantly different between the two groups before and after intervention(P< 0\05) Discussion: Results showed that these two treatment approaches improved fine motor skills in the hemiplegic children with cerebral palsy. None of the interventions are better than the other one. Therefore, it is suggested to use a combination of CIMT and BIM training instead of CIMT alone in order to make the tasks more attractive and easier for the children.

۲The Reactive Postural Control in Spastic Cerebral Palsy Children
اطلاعات انتشار: April ۲۰۱۲ - Number۱۵، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۹
Objectives: Postural control deficit is one of the most important problems in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). The purpose of this paper is to review the reactive postural control in spastic children with CP. Methods: Researches on development of reactive postural control in typically developing (TD) children and children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) were analyzed. Results: The results of this review revealed at least three main systems of reactive postural control, including: sensory, motor, and cognitive systems. These systems develop in a nonlinear mode. Maturation of postural control depends on the reach of each system to an adequate threshold of development and organization. Conclusion: limited data indicated the development of reactive postural control in children with CP occur similar to TD children but with limitation in motor function and sensory organization.

۳Upper Limb Hypertonicity in Children with Cerebral Palsy: A review study on Medical and Rehabilitative Management
اطلاعات انتشار: October ۲۰۱۳ - Number۱۸، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۱۱
Hypertonicity is the most common type of cerebral palsy consists of 85% of the affected children. It has a very complex nature making intervention and management very difficult. This article tries to make reader familiar with various types of intervention and introduce a new intervention process to help clinicians decide better. Literature was reviewed with two criteria including: identifying various interventions and their effects on upper limb hypertonicity and level ofinvasiveness of each intervention. This paper suggested a new way of looking at hypertonicitybased on its two components (i.e., neural and biomechanical) and effectiveness of each intervention on these components. In the treatment and management of hypertonicity, clinicians are required tolook at all aspects of hypertonicity and then based on the provided decision tree, decide which kind of treatment to be used for the child.
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