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۱Economic Factor of Resource Nationalism Policy in Kazakhstan
نویسنده(ها): ، ،
اطلاعات انتشار: World Applied Sciences Journal، بيست و هفتم،شماره۶، ۲۰۱۳، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۴
Such energy resources as oil and gas play a significant role in the socio economic sphere of a country, especially in the country producing these resources as Kazakhstan. Hydrocarbons can be the reason for people’s prosperity (for instance, such countries as Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia) and, at the same time, they can cause the so–called “Dutch Disease” (or other negative manifestations of the “Resource Curse”) which paralyzes all other spheres of economy, making the country completely dependent on the export of oil and gas. However, the energy resources affect not only economies; first of all, they have a dramatic impact on politics. Disputes over the oil fields and desire for the possession of energy resources can result in the worsening of relations among the states and sometimes can even be the reason for starting a war (for instance, the Iraq–Kuwait War of 1990, which is also known as the first oil war; and the US invasion to Iraq in 2003).
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