توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱Providing learning opportunities at recreational areas using visitors’ motivations Case study: Choghakhoor international wetland in Iran
نویسنده(ها): ،
اطلاعات انتشار: پنجمین کنگره بین المللی جغرافیدانان اسلام، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۹
With the increase of nature–based tourism and recreation on recreational areas in Iran, recreation and tourism planners have an opportunity to provide environmental education to a wide diversity of people. However, recreationists visit natural areas to attain a variety of experiences and benefits, which might or might not include learning. Through an examination of visitors to Choghakhoor international wetland of Iran, this study identified (1) the recreation benefits visitors to Choghakhoor international wetland, (2) the role learning plays in recreationists‟ motivations to visit water–based recreation areas, and (3) the recreation opportunities (i.e. facilities and services) that will best provide learning opportunities for all visitors. Respondents were divided into four groups according to where they were surveyed and whether or not they had a strong interest in learning. Three of the four groups indicated an interest in developed services and facilities (e.g. visitor centers and museums) to provide for learning opportunities. Results also showed that some visitors‟ desires for learning benefits were not related to developed facilities and were more closely associated with passive recreational activities and settings. Finally, Specific planning implications for the four types of nature based tourists are described<\div>

۲The removal of zinc ions from aqueous solution by mine tailings
نویسنده(ها): ،
اطلاعات انتشار: سومین کنفرانس برنامه ریزی و مدیریت محیط زیست، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۶
Industrial wastewaters generated from industrialization activities may contain various toxic heavy metals. These heavy metals, apart from being hazardous for living organisms when exceed the specific limits, have accumulating characteristics in nature as they cannot be biodegraded. Among these heavy metals, Zinc is one of the most important pollutants for surface and ground water. Because of its acute toxicity and non–biodegradability, zinc–containing liquid and solid wastes are considered as hazardous wastes. The effective removal of heavy metals from aqueous wastes is among the most important issues for many countries. Different physical or chemical methods have been used for removing heavy metals ions in the water and wastewater treatments. The aim of this work was to assess the possibility of Zn2+ removal from aqueous solutions by mine tailings, consisting mainly shale stones, from Irankouh lead and zinc mine, situated in Isfahan province, Iran. The adsorption experiments were carried out using batch technique, and the effects of pH, initial metal concentration and contact time on adsorption efficiency were studied. The results indicated that Zn adsorption increases with pH from 2 to 7 and maximum adsorption (%53) obtained at pH 6 and initial concentration of 10 mg\l. It is demonstrated that the mine tailings could be used as a low cost and effective adsorbent for zinc.<\div>

۳Environmental Impacts of Ecotourism and Their Management using Visitors’ Experiences (Case Study: Choghakhoor International Wetland in Iran)
اطلاعات انتشار: سومین کنفرانس برنامه ریزی و مدیریت محیط زیست، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۷
Ecotourism, to be successful, must promote sustainable development by establishing a durable productive base that allows local inhabitants and ecotourist service providers to enjoy rising standards of living. However, to achieve this goal, the adverse effects of visitor activity on the natural environment and the tourism experience must be identified to guide management actions and thus to sustain the resources on which ecotourism ultimately depends. This study, conducted in Iran, efforts to identify the impacts of ecotourism from the perspective of visitors. Environmental conditions of greatest influence on visitors’ experiences included litter and biophysical conditions such as soil erosion and vegetation damage. These conditions were of greater concern to visitors than social conditions, such as the number of people. These results suggest that management efforts can be directed towards indicators of greatest concern such as litter, soil erosion and vegetation damage. The broad support given by those surveyed for a range of management actions provides managers with a choice of strategies to sustain ecotourism in Choghakhoor International wetland in Iran. This study, with its sociopolitical approach, contributes to a greater understanding of the implications of the ecotourist experience for ecotourism management in Iran.<\div>

۴The importance of environmental factors and esource management in sustainable development
نویسنده(ها): ،
اطلاعات انتشار: کنفرانس علوم کشاورزی و محیط زیست، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۴
the sustainable development is human–based and immediately has become one of the most currently discussions and also one of the issues of the 21st century so that the sustainable competition–ability principles and its realization is inevitable. The goal of this article is surveying the sustainable development and competition–ability and studying its aspects, legalization of its factors and the way to achieve it. In fact, to get acquainted with competitiveness is as a development that would prevent imposition of cultural, Economical, and social and\or environment damages on future generations. In this article a reference has been made to roles and requirements and correct management of resources in safeguarding and protecting environment and aims of technology strategy in lasting and permanent competitiveness has been discussed and analyzed.Finally,strategic approaches conclusion and also its related proposals have been delivered and explained. Since the resources are limited and the needs are increasing in the developing countries, writing the required strategy as a framework for optimized allotting of the resources is necessary for all three types of development. This is a fact that the developing countries demand new needs for the people of these societies due to the weak technology and because the public media demonstrate the new life styles on the on hand and they confront dangerous and critical situations on the other hand On the one hand the gap between these countries with the developed countries is increasing and on the other hand their facilities are decreasing due to various political, social and economical crises and the shortcoming of the initial resources and energy for the grow and development. Therefore, there will remain little opportunities for compensating the weaknesses.<\div>
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