توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱Measurement of Awareness of Citizenship Rights (Case Study: North Khorasan Province)
اطلاعات انتشار: دومین همایش ملی پژوهش های کاربردی در علوم مدیریت و حسابداری، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۸
Current work was conducted aiming at measuring public awareness of the citizenship rights in North Khorasan Province. Research design is descriptive survey of correlation type in terms of data collection conducted on a sample (n = 384) in North Khorasan Province in 2013. Expensiveness and lack of citizens' willingness to answer a legal questionnaire were limitations of the work. The research tested 8 hypotheses. According to findings and correlation test results, there is positive relationship between awareness of citizenship rights and attitudes, media use, participation in public life, social status, education and age; however it is a weak relationship. Considering t–test results, there is relationship between citizenship rights and gender. Considering F–test, there is no relationship between awareness of citizenship rights and ethnicity. Considering regression test results, attitude, media use, presence in the public arena, education and age components affect awareness of citizenship rights. Considering results for regression test, social status, gender, and ethnicity do not affect citizenship rights. It is concluded awareness of citizenship rights is in average level in the province and majority of citizens have low social status, thus governmental and non–governmental organizations should attempt in a more planned manner in this area<\div>

۲Effect of pomegranate flower extract on cisplatin–induced nephrotoxicity in rats
اطلاعات انتشار: Journal of nephropathology، سوم،شماره۴، Oct ۲۰۱۴، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۶
Background: Chemotherapy with cisplatin (CP) is accompanied with nephrotoxicity.Objectives: In the current study, pomegranate flower extract (PFE) has been evaluated as anantioxidant agent against CP–induced–renal toxicity.Materials and Methods: Thirty two male Wistar rats were divided into five groups (6–8 in eachgroup). The animals in groups 1 to 3 received PFE (25 mg\kg), PFE (50 mg\kg), and placebo(saline), respectively for 9 days, and onset of the day 3, they also received CP (2.5 mg\kg\day). Groups 4 and 5 were treated with PFE (25 and 50 mg\kg\day) for 9 days. Finally,the animals were sacrificed at day 9 after collecting blood samples. Kidneys were removed,weighted, and underwent histopathological investigation.Results: The mean serum level of creatinine in group 3 (treated with CP and placebo) increasedsignificantly (p0.05), but the value decreased significantly (p0.05) in group 1. Kidneyweight in group 1 was lower than KW in groups 2 and 3, however it was significant whencompared with group 2 (p0.05). The serum nitrite level in group 2 was non–significantlylower than that in other groups, and no significant changes were observed in serum levelsof malondialdehyde (MDA). Tissue level of nitrite was significantly decreased in the positivecontrol and high dose of PFE plus CP–treated groups (p0.05). Among CP–treated groups,low dose of PFE significantly improved kidney nitrite level (p0.05). The results fromhistopathological staining indicated less tissue damage in group 1 when compared withgroup 3.Conclusions: It seems that low dose of PFE plays a protective role against CP–induced renaltoxicity in rats.
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