توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱Analysis of Driver Impairment, Fatigue, and Drowsiness and an Unobtrusive Vehicle–Based Detection Scheme
نویسنده(ها): ،
اطلاعات انتشار: اولین کنفرانس بین المللی حوادث رانندگی و جاده ای، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۱۵
Driver impairment due to fatigue\drowsiness, distraction and use of alcohol\drugs is one of the leading causes of accidents on US highways and around the world. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) of US department of Transportation estimates that nearly 100,000 crashes annually are caused by fatigue\drowsiness, more then 17000 people die every year due to drunk driving According to FARS data there are, on the average, 1,544 fatalities, 71,000 injuries, and $12.5 billion in monetary losses as a results of driver fatigue each year. This paper provides an insight into the problem of impaired driving due to fatigue, drowsiness, or substance use (alcohol), and distraction. It provides a review of the present state of research, the developing technologies, and the future trends. Various factors that may contribute to this problem are discussed. A variety of countermeasures developed by research and commercial organizations, their merits and demerits are presented. Finally, a method for detecting driver drowsiness unobtrusively is demonstrated.The same method can be applied to detecting distracted driving due to other influences. The results of a driver fatigue\drowsy experiment conducted at The Center for Intelligent Systems Research (CISR) Vehicle Simulator Laboratory at The George Washington University are discussed in details.<\div>

۲The Government Approach to Improving Vehicle\Highway Transportation Safety and its Effectiveness
اطلاعات انتشار: اولین کنفرانس بین المللی حوادث رانندگی و جاده ای، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۲۲
Highway accidents (crashes) remain a major societal concern in the United States and around the world. The loss of life, injuries, and the associated economic loss are alarming. Government at all levels has been mobilized to address transportation safety in the United States. This paper assesses the current safety situation on U.S. roadways. Then, we detail the federal, state, and local government efforts that address different aspects of surface transportation safety. The entities involved in this effort are identified, and their recent data collection, research, and regulatory activities are described. An analysis of the improvement of the surface transportation safety over the past decade indicates that these efforts have resulted in significant highway safety improvements. <\div>
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