توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقالههای نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده میشوند.
نویسنده(ها): Ghoreishi،Zahra Sadat، Azimian،Mojtaba، Khorrami banaraki،Anahita، Alaghband rad،Javad، Rafiee،Seyed Majid، Salavati،Mahyar، Tahmaseb Zade،Fateme، Sedigh،Zahra، Pishevar،Sara، Mohammadi Sabet،Vahide
اطلاعات انتشار: June ۲۰۱۴ - Number۲۰، سال ۰
تعداد صفحات: ۵
Objectives: Lexical access is the process by which the basic conceptual, syntactical and morpho–phonological information of words are activated. Most studies of lexical access have focused on picture naming. There is hardly any previous research on other parameters of lexical access such as verbal fluency and analysis of connected speech in Persian normal participants. This study investigates the lexical access performance in normal speakers in different issues such as age, sex and education. Methods: The performance of 120 adult Persian speakers in three tasks including picture naming, verbal fluency and connected speech, was examined using "Persian Lexical Access Assessment Package”. The performance of participants between two gender groups (male \ female), three education groups (below 5 years \ above 12 years \ between 5 and 12 years) and three age groups (18 – 35 years \ 36 – 55 years \ 56 – 75 years) were compared. Results: According to findings, picture naming increased with increasing education and decreased with increasing age. The performance of participants in phonological and semantic verbal fluency showed improvement with age and education. No significant difference was seen between males and females in verbal fluency task. In the analysis of connected speech there were no significant differences between different age and education groups and just mean length of utterance in males was significantly higher than females. Discussion: The findings could be a primitive scale for comparison between normal subjects and patients in lexical access tasks, furthermore it could be a horizon for planning of treatment goals in patients with word finding problem according to age, gender and education.
نویسنده(ها): Khayatan،Tayebeh، Azkhosh،Manouchehr، Bahmani،Bahman، Azimian،Mojtaba، Dolatshahi،Behrooz
اطلاعات انتشار: December ۲۰۱۴ - Number۲۲، سال ۰
تعداد صفحات: ۵
Objectives: Multiple Sclerosis is one of the most important and prevalent central nervous system diseases, causing disorders such as depression among affected patients. Positive psychotherapy is also a new approach that can be effective in reducing the depression of these people. This study aims to investigate the efficiency of group positive psychotherapy for decreasing the depression among females affected by Multiple Sclerosis. Methods: A samples of 30 females affected by Multiple Sclerosis with mild to moderate depression were participated, and were divided into two groups, intervention and control. Both groups completed Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI–II) at the beginning, he intervention group received six sessions of positive psychotherapy. After the intervention both group completed the questionnaire again. Data was analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistical methods. Results: The result demonstrated that, the decline of depression was more in the intervention group than the control group. Moreover in the intervention group than control group, there was obtained significant reduction in both sub–scales of Beck Depression Inventory II. Discussion: Results of this study indicated that group positive psychotherapy is effective in reducing the depression of females affected by Multiple Sclerosis. This treatment can be widely used in the caring centers for treatment of people affected by Multiple Sclerosis and this can be justified because of its low cost and good efficiency.
۳The Effectiveness of Cognitive–Behavioral–Based Stress Management Training on Anxiety in Female MS Patients
اطلاعات انتشار: Autumn ۲۰۱۵ - Number۲۵، سال ۰
تعداد صفحات: ۵
نمایش نتایج ۱ تا ۳ از میان ۳ نتیجه