توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱The Socilogical Study of Performance in Islamic City–Councils
نویسنده(ها): ،
اطلاعات انتشار: زمستان- شماره ۲۶، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۵

۲Rural Development in Contemporary Iran 1950–2010
نویسنده(ها): ،
اطلاعات انتشار: summer ۲۰۱۱, Vol.۱ - No.۳، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۱۸

۳Gender Inequality in the Lived Experience of Social and Cultural Active Kurdish Women
نویسنده(ها): ،
اطلاعات انتشار: ۲۰۱۳, Vol ۳ - No ۲، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۱۸
This study has reviewed the lived experience of social and cultural active Kurdish women using qualitative methods and the Grounded Theory. The purpose of this study is identifying their attitude and practical responses to "gender inequality". Due to comparing two different aspects of these women's lived experience, at the end of the study, two paradigmatic models are obtained. The analysis of data and "theory model" provided by this study shows that some factors such as the " system of inequality ", " stabilization of unequal system ", "lack of human relations between men & women" and "lack of equity" led to the phenomenon of " gender inequality". Under this situation, the strategies which are used by women are "acceptance of inequality", "preferring other's interests and projects" and "need for trust & support". Consequences of these strategies for these women are "losing opportunities", "pressure roles", "physical and psychological harm," "regret, longing, disappointment" and "frustration". The other phenomenon, on the contrary is related to the lived experience of social and cultural active Kurdish women which is called "human equality". Conditions such as "opportunities for self–actualization," "experiencing freedom"," human relations between man & woman ", "social activity" and "consciousness" are the consequences of this phenomenon. Strategies which are used by these women are "cultural, social, economic & political activities," "management of general and private sphere", "practical advocate of women's rights," taking the opportunity", "Resistance identities imposed against "Taboo breaking and teaching equity in the family. The outcomes of these strategies are "serving &kind heartedness", " hope, perseverance and follow–up "," model making "," gaining experience "and" gender, learning and equity ". The more "Human Equity" desire among these women, the more we'll face, "taboo breaking", "teaching equity" in the Family", "gender, learning and equity" strategies. The outcomes of the research sites that along with the existing effect of system of inequality in the establishment of "gender segregations"; what's so ever is needed to be considered among Iranian women's experience, especially the Kurds, is the issue of "lack of human relations between two genders" and overall "lack of sense of human equity". Due to different cultural, social & political structure of developed countries, this issue is less taken in to account in Feminist's sociological theories.

۴Poverty, Vulnerability and Development (Case of Study: The Garmsar and Dasht–e Azadegan Villages)
نویسنده(ها):
اطلاعات انتشار: ۲۰۱۴, Vol ۴ - No ۱، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۱۲
The present article has been prepared based on two field research studies undertaken to identify the vulnerable strata in rural areas of Iran’s Garmsar and Dasht–e Azadegan regions2. As will be demonstrated below, the findings of the two studies show that the development policies implemented during recent decades––policies emphasizing strategies of structural adjustment, liberalization, and privatization, especially in the agriculture sector––have not been effective in terms of preventing the creation and development of vulnerable strata in the rural community. However, prior to the studies that I and a team of researchers undertook beginning in the late 1990s, no research had studied systematically the impact of policies on low–income rural groups nor identified which groups constituted the vulnerable strata. In view of the government’s objective to support such groups, it is imperative first to identify them through sound scientific methods. This article, thus, represents an initial attempt to do just that.

۵Position of Rural Development in Development Plans
نویسنده(ها): ،
اطلاعات انتشار: Winter ۲۰۱۵ , Vol.۵ - No.۱، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۱۰
In Iran, new centralization characteristic, especially during Pahlavi dynasty, has been convergence and its vast use in bureaucracy. Historical sociological studies have consensus on the issues of centralization, power centralization, and political sovereignty in Iran; however, these issues have some divisional interruptions and different levels of strength in some parts of the history. This essay was aimed to critically investigate rural development plans before and after the Iranian Revolution. To do so, based on a library study, construction programs before the Revolution since 1941 and after the Revolution were examined in development plans. The results indicated that, before the Revolution, rural construction plans were centralized and top–down, lacked indigenous studies and sociological attitude, and had technical attitude toward rural issues. After the Revolution, first, a kind of increasing participation was experienced in the form of social mobilization, influenced by the transformations occurring at the macro level of society. There was no sign of bureaucracy in this period; but, gradually, following the transformations, the participation model again took the guided–from–the–outside form. In general, in the five–year post–revolution development planning, deviation from the execution of approved plan, limitation to some executive measures, and executing previous projects despite content changes have been evident. Rural development plans do not have sufficient budgetary allocations, are not written according to the pathology of previous plans, and no organization or institution accounts for their lack of execution. In other words, lack of access to the goals does not bind the approvers. More details are discussed below.
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