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۱Characterization of Swirling Flows in a Partly Open Cylinder
نویسنده(ها): ، ، ،
اطلاعات انتشار: Journal Of Applied Fluid Mechanics، نهم،شماره۶، ۲۰۱۶، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۱۰
A partly open vertical disk–cylinder system, with an annular top lid, is used to model numerically the characteristics of axisymmetric swirling flows with stagnation and associated flows reversal; commonly referred to as vortex breakdown. The flows are driven by the bottom disk uniform rotation and controlled by the competition between the no–slip and stress–free surface conditions applied at the top. Depending on the radial extent of the free surface, distinct regions of toroidal, corner and on–axis vortex type flows were identified and mapped into a state diagram then discussed. In addition, the impact of the cavity aspect ratio on the onset conditions of stagnation and breakdown was highlighted. Moreover, the study explored the influence of a diffusion driven meridian circulation, induced by the sidewall differential rotation, which is revealed to constitute an effective non intrusive kinematic means of flow control.
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