توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱Optimization of Biodiesel Production from Prunus Scoparia using Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm
نویسنده(ها): ، ،
اطلاعات انتشار: Journal of Renewable Energy and Environment، سوم،شماره۱، Winter ۲۰۱۶، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۱۰
Renewable energy sources are developed worldwide, owing to high oil prices and in order to limit greenhouse gas emissions. The objective of this research was to study the feasibility of biodiesel production from mountain almond (Prunus Scoparia) oil using ultrasonic system and optimization of the process using Artificial Bees Colony (ABC) Algorithm. The results showed that by increasing the molar ratio, the conversion percentage increased and after reaching a certain ratio, further increase in the molar ratio caused decrease in the conversion percentage. Increasing in the ultrasound amplitude resulted in an increase in the conversion percentage which tends to ascend; Furthermore, results of optimization showed that the amount of molar ratio, amplitude, pulse and reaction time were 5.6, 0.90, 0.33 and 5 min, respectively. For independent variables, the values of yield and energy consumption were obtained which were equal to 96.1% and 9912 J, respectively. This finding proves that ABC algorithm can estimate the optimum point in biodiesel production with high accuracy.

۲Modeling the Simultaneous Effects of Microwave and Ultrasound Treatments on Sour Cherry Juice Using Response Surface Methodology
اطلاعات انتشار: Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology، هفدهم،شماره۴، ۲۰۱۵، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۱۰
This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of combined microwave–ultrasonic pasteurization system on Escherichia coli and vitamin C content in sour cherry juice (SCJ). Based on the findings, microwave output power, ultrasound power, and ultrasonic exposure time as well as the microwave–induced temperature were the most effective factors in reducing E. coli and vitamin C content. In addition, the microwave–induced temperature and ultrasonic exposure time, as independent variables, were both effective on E. coli removal. At higher temperatures, the effectiveness of ultrasonic waves as well as cavitation intensity declined. However, their combined effect (ultrasound and temperature) was more significant than their individual effect. It was also found that any increase in ultrasound power, ultrasonic exposure time, and microwave output power led to a significant reduction in vitamin C content, while the ultrasound power was the most effective. On the basis of RSM modeling, the optimum processing condition was: 352.21W microwave output power, 49.94˚C temperature, 475.13W ultrasound power and 6 minutes of exposure time. On the basis of response surface methodology (RSM) modelling, the maximum vitamin C content was 142.5 mg per 100 mL with no remaining E. coli.
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