توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱Prpposed a TRIZ–based safety method to Creative safety problem solving in ports
نویسنده(ها): ،
اطلاعات انتشار: سال
تعداد صفحات: ۹
Recent major accidents of disasters have highlighted the need for addressing safety pro–actively. In addition to this, the emergences of new regulations and international standards have driven organizations to improve their safety performance. As a result of this, organizations have some extent shifted from a reactive approach to a proactive approach to safety. The traditional approach to improve the safety of port processes is to introduce additional safety equipment and protective devices such as valves, alarms, safety interlocks , and other active system to detect leaks and process deviations. When new problems arise, more add–on protective equipments are installed to deal with them. In the end, what results is a system whose design is complicated by numerous layers of expensive , add–on protective equipments which often constitute a significant part of the operating cost. An alternative approach is to assist the safety engineers in ports, identify creative design solutions that overcome the technical conflicts in designing safe process. This paper suggests an analytical approach to creative safety problem solving in ports in which special attention is given to TRIZ, a popular method for systematic creativity. We present a brief overview of the different methods for enhancing creativity support and present a set pf characteristics , principles, as well as a safety engineering contradiction matrix based on port’s critical safety factors to deal with inherently safe process design in ports.<\div>

۲Combination of the TRIZ and conventional safety analysis to improve the safety of processes
نویسنده(ها): ،
اطلاعات انتشار: کنفرانس بین المللی استراتژیها و تکنیکهای حل مسئله، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۸
The traditional approach to improve the safety of processes is to introduce additional safety equipment and protective devices such as valves, alarms, safety interlocks, and other active systems to detect leaks and process deviations. When new problems arise, more add–on protective equipments is installed to deal with them. In the end, what results is a system whose design is complicated by numerous layers of expensive, add–on protective equipments which often constitute a significant part of the operating cost of the plant. An inherently safe process avoids or reduces hazards instead of controlling them. It relies on naturally occurring phenomena and robust design and eliminates or greatly reduces the need for instrumentation or administrative controls, thereby reducing the costs related to safety and environmental protection. Although it is possible to apply inherent safety principles at later stages of design, the scope for implementation is greatest in the earliest stages, in particular during route selection. Analternative approach is to assist the designers identify creative design solutions that overcome the technical conflicts in designing safe process. Creative problem solving can be broadly classified into intuitive and analytical methods. This paper suggests an analytical approach to creative problem solving in which special attention is given to TRIZ, a popular method for systematic creativity. We present a brief overview of the different methods for enhancing creativity support and present a set of characteristics, principles, as well as a process design contradiction matrix to deal with inherently safe process design.<\div>
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