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۱Panel Causality Relationship among FDI and Trade
اطلاعات انتشار: Iranian Economic Review، هفدهم،شماره۳۳، ۲۰۱۳، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۱۹
this study applied panel unit root, panel co–integration and panel causality tests to distinguish the position of short run and long run causality among foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade in a panel of 16 advanced European countries over the period 1976–2008, 528 observations were incorporated into the model. The results show that there is bidirectional causality among FDI–Export and FDI–Import in the short run while the long run causality runs from import and export to FDI. Furthermore, there is unidirectional causality from FDI to total trade in the long run and bidirectional causality in the short run. Therefore, increase in FDI led to increase in export and import in the short run and these led to increase in total trade in the short run. Thus, attractive FDI policies in trade oriented economies can be used to promote the level of trade, and expanding trade policies are helpful as well to attract more FDI in these set of countries.
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