توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱An Examination of the Relationship between Visual Fatigue Symptoms with Flicker Value Variations in Video Display Terminal Users
نویسنده(ها): ، ،
اطلاعات انتشار: Iranian Journal of health، دوم،شماره۱، Winter ۲۰۱۵، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۶
In most sensitive occupations such as nuclear, military and chemical industries closed circuit systems and visual display terminals (VDTs) are used to carefully control and assess sensitive processes. Visual fatigue is one of the factors decreasing accuracy and concentration in operators causing faulty perception. This study aimed to find out a relationship between visual fatigue symptoms (VFS) of Flicker value variations in video display terminal (VDT) operators. This cross–sectional study, conducted in 2011, aimed to examine visual fatigue and determine the relationship between its symptoms and visual flicker value changes in 248 operators of VDTs in several occupations. The materials used in this study were a visual fatigue questionnaire of VDTs and a VFM–90.1 device. Visual fatigue was measured in two stages (prior to beginning to work and 60 min later). The data were analyzed by SPSS11.5, using descriptive statistics, paired t–test, simple and multiple linear regressions, correlation and recognition coefficients. Then regression equations of changes in flicker value depending on the changes in the main domains and the changes in final score before the questionnaire were obtained. Paired t–test indicated significant differences in the mean score of visual fatigue symptoms and the mean score of flicker value between the two stages, respectively (P ≤ 0.001). Simple and multiple regressions of flicker value variations, for the last visual fatigue changes in questionnaire score and the four main domains of the questionnaire were obtained R2 = 0.851 and R2 = 0.853, respectively. Correlation coefficient in the above tests indicated reverse and significant relationships among flicker value changes with changes in questionnaire score and visual fatigue symptoms.Diagnosing the first symptoms of visual fatigue could be an appropriate warning for VDTs operators in sensitive occupations to react suitably, in behavior and management, to control or treat visual fatigue and prevent errors efficiently.

۲A Study of The Relationship Between The Components of The Five–Factor Model of Personality and The Occurrence of Occupational Accidents in Industry Workers
اطلاعات انتشار: Iranian Journal of health، سوم،شماره۲، Spring ۲۰۱۶، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۷
Accidents are among the most important problems of both the developed and the developing countries. Individual factors and personality traits are the primary causes of human errors and contribute to accidents. The present study aims to investigate the relationship between the components of the five–factor model of personality and the occurrence of occupational accidents in industrial workers. The independent T–test indicated that there is a meaningful relationship between the personality traits and accident proneness. In the two groups of industry workers injured in occupational accidents and industry workers without any occupational accidents, there is a significant relationship between personality traits, neuroticism (p=0.001), openness to experience (p=0.001), extraversion (p=0.024) and conscientiousness (p=0.021). Nonetheless, concerning the personality trait of agreeableness (p = 0.09), the group of workers with accidents did not differ significantly from the workers without any accidents. The results showed that there is a direct and significant relationship between accident proneness and the personality traits of neuroticism and openness to experience. Furthermore, there is a meaningful but inverse correlation between accident proneness and the personality traits of extraversion and conscientiousness, while there was no relationship between accident proneness and the personality trait of agreeableness.

۳Investigation Effect of Biorhythm on Work–Related Accidents in The Metal Industry (A Short Report)
اطلاعات انتشار: Iranian Journal of health، سوم،شماره۳، Summer۲۰۱۶، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۴
Biorhythm is one of the newest subjects in the field of cognition of mental ergonomics which can be very effective in reduction of work–related accidents or mistakes with no apparent reason. With evaluating Biorhythm individuals can intervention action to reduce job accidents carried out. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the relationship Biorhythm and work–related accidents in the metal industry. This research is a cross–sectional and analytical–descriptive in the metal industrial Isfahan city of 120 work–related accidents during 2015. The required information was collected from available documents in HSE unit of the company biorhythm charts were drawn based on a date of accidents and participants birthdays, using natural Biorhythm Software V3.02 Conduct. Finally، the data were analyzed using spss version 20 and descriptive statistics.This study showed that the frequency of accidents in critical days and negative section of physical cycle was more than expected. Also the frequency of accidents in critical days and negative section of emotional and intellectual cycles was less than expected. Most type of injury, including cuts to 35.8 percent and the lowest type of injury was torsion with 5 percent. Most limb injury, hands and fingers with 51.7 percent and the lowest limb injury were back at 2.5 percent. Accidents outbreak in physical cycles was 38.3 percent. These 120 accidents in additionally were causing 120 loss of working days in effect accident. Most percent of loss of working days were for 20 to 30 days with of 39.2 percent. Most percent of loss of working days were for 20 to 30 days with of 39.2 percent. Due to the physical nature of the work activities in the metal industry can be stated that the study showed that in physical work activities, frequency of accidents in critical days and negative section of physical cycle in which the person is not physically ready to do the job was more than expected. Therefore, by training and increasing the knowledge of workers regarding biological cycle and its effects on mental, emotional and physical status, each person effects can make some changes to their work plans during days that they do not feel well, physically or mentally, in order to prevent the likely accidents.
نمایش نتایج ۱ تا ۳ از میان ۳ نتیجه