توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱A Study on the Frequency and the Reasons for Cancellation of Surgical Operations in Khatam Hospital (Mashhad, Iran) in 2013
اطلاعات انتشار: Journal Of Patient safety and quality improvement، دوم،شماره۴، ۲۰۱۴، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۴
Introduction: Operations cancellation at the last minute is one of the main reasons of inefficiency and waste of resources in Hospitals. This study aims to investigate the reasons and the frequency of operations cancellations in Khatam–al–Anbia Eye Hospital (Mashhad–Iran) in 2013. Materials and Methods:In this descriptive and cross–sectional study, all canceled scheduled operations in 2013 in Khatam–al–Anbiya Eye Hospital were investigated and the data were recorded in a checklist. Study variables included: 1) the number of planned operations, 2) the number of canceled operations, 3) age, 4) gender and 5) the reason of operation cancellation. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and SPSS16. Results: Of 16512 operations scheduled during 2013, 329 cases (1.99 percent) were canceled. The reason of cancellation was not mentioned in (28.6 percent) of cases. Other reasons of operations cancellation included, in the order of importance, high–risk underlying disease (22.5%), medical advice ignorance from the patient''s behalf (10.6%), change in clinical status (7.9%), prolongation of previous operations (7%), patient’s dissatisfaction (5.8%), Patients'' incomplete Nil Per Os (NPO) time (5.5%), inadequate equipment (4.6%), lack of lab tests and consultations (2.7%), diagnosis change (2.4%), surgeon''s absence (1.8%), and incomplete admission documents (0.6%). Conclusion: In a high percentage of canceled cases, the reasons of operation cancellations had not been mentioned in the patient’s file. A significant portion of theses cancellations can be attributed to the patients'' incomplete cooperation. Cancellations can be significantly reduced through providing the patient with enough instructions and explanations.

۲Assessment of Patient Safety Culture in a Selected Number of Pharmacies Affiliated to Mashhad University of Medical Sciences Using the Pharmacy Survey on Patient Safety Culture (SOPS)
اطلاعات انتشار: Journal Of Patient safety and quality improvement، چهارم،شماره۳، ۲۰۱۶، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۶
Introduction: Patient safety culture plays a pivotal role in the improvement of patient safety level in health centers. This study aimed to assess patient safety culture in the pharmacies affiliated to Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran using a standard questionnaire developed by the American Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Materials and Methods :This analytic, descriptive, cross–sectional study was conducted on 108 pharmacists and pharmacy technicians in Mashhad, Iran in 2015. Participants were selected via random cluster sampling. Data were collected using the Pharmacy Survey on Patient Safety Culture (SOPS). Data analysis was performed in SPSS Version 16 at the significance level of 0.05. Results:Among various dimensions of patient safety culture, “communication openness” had the highest mean score (0.63±4.27) as obtained by the pharmacists, while pharmacy technicians had the highest mean score in the dimension of “teamwork” (0.58±4.18). Moreover, the lowest mean score was observed in the dimension of “overall perceptions of patient safety” in both sample groups. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, commitment of healthcare authorities to patient safety culture is the most important factor in the promotion of organizational patient safety. Considering that the lowest score of patient safety culture belonged to the dimension of “overall perceptions of patient safety”,it is recommended that related training interventions be implemented for healthcare staff in order to establish and promote the patient safety culture in pharmacies.
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