توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱Musculoskeletal Disorders among Iranian Coal Miners at 2014
اطلاعات انتشار: Iranian Journal of health، سوم،شماره۱، Winter ۲۰۱۶، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۶
Some factors such as stooping posture and frequent kneeling in miners can increase prevalence of their musculoskeletal disorders Present study was performed for assessment of MSDs prevalence among Iranian coal miners and finds its relationships with some their characters including age, work experience and body mass index. Participants in the persent cross sectional study, were 505 coal miners which selected among Iranian coal miners by simple random method. Data of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) gathered by Standardized Nordic self–reporting questionnaire. Demographic and work related data were collected into the check list. Findings of persent study showed that 56.1% and 66.5% of study miners claimed one of the MSDs complaints during last week and in the last year respectively. Lumbar, Knee(s) and Back had most common MSDs prevalence at last week and year. MSDs prevalence had significant association with age (P≤0.02) and non–significant association with BMI (P≥0.8) of workers. MSDs in Iranian coal miners were happened in high rate. Ergonomic interventions strategies in the workplaces must be focussed for elimination of environmental hazards such as apposition at the time of work, manual handling of heavy loads.

۲Occupational Stress in Development Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Embassy Personnel of Foreign Countries in Iran at 2015
اطلاعات انتشار: Iranian Journal of health، سوم،شماره۱، Winter ۲۰۱۶، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۶
Concept of occupational stress and its relations with musculoskeletal disorders has been investigated for years. The present study was performed for determining the role of occupational stress in the development of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among embassy personnel of foreign countries in Iran. Study population in the present cross sectional study was 200 embassy personnel of foreign countries in Tehran capital of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Study questionnaires (Nordic Questionnaire; The occupational stress scale) were distributed into participants and finally 161 questionnaires come back to the researchers (response rate: 80.5%). One week and one year period prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints of included embassy personnel were 59.6% and 75.2% respectively. Mean of occupational stress in embassy personnel with musculoskeletal disorders in recent week and year were significantly higher than embassy personnel without musculoskeletal disorders. Smoking and occupational stress score were independent predictor of musculoskeletal disorders. Occupational stress had an impact on development and persistence of WRMSDs among embassy personnel and next studies in this new field will suggest for more detecting actual causes of WRMSDs in these persons and other office workers.

۳Neck and Back Pain Prevalence in Workers of Iranian Steel industries at 2015
اطلاعات انتشار: Iranian Journal of health، سوم،شماره۱، Winter ۲۰۱۶، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۵
Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are considered as the main cause of occupational complications and disability in developing countries. In Iranian steel companies, workers commonly are directly involved in the production process and physical activities such as manual material handling and awkward postures. Present study was performed for assessment of neck and back pain prevalence among workers of four Iranian steel industries. Study participants in our cross sectional study, were randomly selected from workers of four Iranian steel industries. Data of neck and back pain were gathered by Nordic questionnaire. Logistic regression was used for controlling confounding variables and determining independent predictors of neck and back pain among study workers. Among study workers, prevalence of neck and back pain in a recent year were 18.40% and 13.90% respectively. Age (p≤0.02) and job experience (p≤0.00) had significant association with neck pain. Age, sex, BMI, and job duration were not known as an independent predictor of neck or back pain. Neck and back pain prevalence in steel industries were happened whit higher rate compared to most of other countries. Next studies will suggest for determining work related risk factors of WMSDs in workers and designing preventive strategies.

۴Occupational Class Groups as a Risk Factor for Genitourinary Cancer – A Matched Case–Control Study
اطلاعات انتشار: Iranian Journal of health، سوم،شماره۱، Winter ۲۰۱۶، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۶
Cancer is a disease with huge consequences for patients and their families. It has a high mortality rate in both developed and developing countries. Eleven to 15 percent of all cancers can be attributed to occupational risk factors. The aim of this pilot study was to define the risks of specific occupational classes based on the International Standard for the Classification of Occupations 2008 (ISCO–08) in causing genitourinary (GU) cancer. A matched case–control study was designed and 208 cancer patients were interviewed by a single physician. Controls were selected from cancer patients with different cancers. For assessment of lifestyle, the simple lifestyle indicator questionnaire was. Years of working until 5 years before the diagnosis were questioned and later categorized by the ISCO classification In total 156 GU cases and non–genitourinary cancer patients were selected. The mean age at the time of diagnosis was 51.01 years for both groups. Except the platelet count, there was no significant difference between the groups. Some ISCO classes (1, 2, and 0) were eliminated because of low numbers. The difference between working in different classes of ISCO classification (3 through 9) was not associated with the occurrence of genitourinary cancer. No significant difference was found between the occupational classes in patients with genitourinary cancer and controls.
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