توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱CHALLENGES TO E–MUNICIPALITY IN THE DEVELOPING CONTRIES
اطلاعات انتشار: اولین کنفرانس بین المللی شهرداری الکترونیکی، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۸
E–municipality is the use of ICT to transform local government by making it more accessible, effective, efficient and accountable at local level. This ranges from providing wider access to government information and promoting civic engagement and providing development opportunities. Selecting and applying a suitable model for emunicipality implementation is essential. This model should consider number of challenges which will be faced in designing and implementing electronic government. . Following political commitment for reform, one of the important elements is availability of proper infrastructure including telecommunications infrastructure as well as legal framework. Another factor is changing and improving the process in which the government interacts with the governed. Digital divide, cyber security, privacy and trust can be considered as main challenges for implementing e–municipality in developing countries. This paper attempts to provide a multi–stage model for implementing electronic municipality in developing countries and identify different dimensions of those challenges which surface in early stages.<\div>

۲Internet Governance or Internet Control?
نویسنده(ها):
اطلاعات انتشار: دومین کنفرانس بین المللی تجارت الکترونیک و تجارت جهانی، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۷
Controlling the lnternet has for a long time been the privilege of academics in the USA. However, with the evolution of the lnternet as the world communication medium of the 21st century and the world–wide–web providing the infrastructure for business and public services in the digital era, the stakes have risen dramatically. The value of the lnternet is nowadays considered extremely important in a number of key areas of public life ranging from business, law, local and central government to international politics. Various proposals as to who should be responsible for controlling or even policing the lnternet have been considered and debated upon over the past few years. The issue has been raised at an unprecedented level with governments of the most powerful countries on the planet locked in serious and longstanding diplomatic negotiations as to which of the super powers should be in control. Yet the less powerful and smaller nations have repeatedly called for the establishment of an
international organization to guarantee independent control of the Internet. This paper considers the above two proposals and attempts to answer the following questions: a) Do single countries deserve the right of having absolute control and acting as the sole guardian of the ultimate communication medium? B) Would an international organization be the answer? If so, how independent can it be and how much security can it offer to the smaller nations and the individual user? The study of each case is performed on the basis of what criteria would apply in terms of
legal framework adopted, transparency of procedures and degree of acceptance of the controlling body on a world wide basis. The ultimate
question raised is: can the guardian be trusted and if so how widespread this trust would be? The results of the first internet governance
forum meeting in Athens in 2006 and the aims of the second due in Rio de Janeiro in November 2007 are also discussed.<\div>

۳Reflections on Modeling Systems’ Resilience
اطلاعات انتشار: پنجمین کنفرانس بین المللی پیشرفتهای علوم و تکنولوژی، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۹
Modeling sustainability of a system is a complex and challenging process. In addition, it might not lead to a factual answer in the end. Modeling systems‟ resilience as opposed to systems‟ sustainability is an approach to check the endurance of a system. There are different systemic approaches to model sustainability and also the resilience. This paper presents the domains where resilience and sustainability can be used interchangeably. Furthermore, a systemic approach to model systems‟ resilience is assessed<\div>

۴Evaluating Influence Diagrams
اطلاعات انتشار: ششمین کنفرانس بین المللی پیشرفتهای علوم و تکنولوژی، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۸
Influence Diagrams (ID) are graphical representation for a problem scenario. These diagrams consist of arcs and nodes. Contrasting Bayesian Networks (BN) which only uses chance nodes, ID includes other types of nodes as well. Decisions can be modeled easily using ID, but for having a correct output, the graphs should be evaluated first. There are various algorithms for valuation of these diagrams. Calculating the efficiency of the developed ID is also crucial. is the efficiency function for an ID. The parameters involved are Accuracy (A), and Complexity (C). In addition, α is the value set by the decision maker. This paper would review existing evaluation algorithms. Moreover, the Influence Diagrams for London Plan Policy 4A will be evaluated by means of reviewed algorithms. Finally, the efficiency of the Policy 4A ID will be analyzed.<\div>
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