توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱Improvement the Urban Planning Structure in Mashhad metropolis and Shandiz–Iran by Ulman Model
اطلاعات انتشار: ششمین کنفرانس بین المللی پیشرفتهای علوم و تکنولوژی، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۶
Extremely intense focus on large–scale activities and various forms of economic infrastructure, social presence, along with ruling elites and decision makers, facilities, health, education and recreation in one or more countries south of the city, the obvious feature on the development of urbanization is exogenous which The most important focus and dominate the urban city unlike in some countries dominate the north, in the absence of economic development and social conditions and above all the lack of real growth industry has emerged is due to intense focus , capacity and abroad for set up services. Population is rapid growth in Iran, rural community more consideration to urban cause to extension immigration rural people to city reach good condition in developing area. City dominated all economic surplus, capital and facilities. Mashhad relationship between metropolis and its surrounding cities (including Shandiz) is not outside of above cases so well in this study was on the connections between the cities of Mashhad and the surrounding metropolis (including Shandiz) of the above are not excluded. Therefore this study has attempt communication effort between a regional metropolis with millions of single population (Mashhad), small urban and rural areas with populations of less than 15 thousand people on the other hand (Shandiz) within a set of intertwined social relationships be investigated and economical. The objective of this paper is planning for the balance and getting rid of large concentrations, recognizing needs and estimating needs according to urban planning by Ullman model.<\div>

۲Mashhad Metropolis and Around City: Planning For Reducing Of Shandiz Insufficiency Generative–Services
اطلاعات انتشار: ششمین کنفرانس بین المللی پیشرفتهای علوم و تکنولوژی، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۷
Exogenous development is originated from capitalist world system requirement; it is tend to city and seeking focus that compare with endogenous city orientation is more severe in sick north countries; because city orientation is natural capitalism and it will be strengthening during dealing with a pre–industrial system. The reason is pre industrial systems even those countries have long history and experience in urban life, they not be ready to absorb in capitalist worldwide system, like north countries for extension of capitalism system in whole land were denied to have a good infrastructure network inside communication regularly and high tension. Before changing enters to Iran such as another developing countries network city was homogeneous it means every zone has itself main city. This main city surplus economic of area is extracted and instead of that necessary services (political – economic – social) to provide for the relevant area. But the social and economic variations during recent decades urban network was transformed and its organic relations were broken. Establishing centers of power supply and using of new technology means communication in urban areas, the whole urban network of urban and Mashhad metropolitan cities matter of metropolis is proposed that a significant portion of these cities facilities allocated to apply in Shandiz city. The outcome results with the communication model of spatial views known geographer ullman model showed the highest compliance, so in the context of this model study in order to find suitable answers assumptions have been used.<\div>

۳Quantitative Models for Participation Evaluation in Community Development: A Theoretical Review
اطلاعات انتشار: World Applied Sciences Journal، بيست و پنجم،شماره۲، ۲۰۱۳، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۹
This article is an interdisciplinary review of the issue of participation evaluation. It is our contention that each and every scale and model developed to measure participation in community development approach falls under either the theory of empowerment or the theory of participatory democracy. The article also provides a detailed summary of prominent models for participation evaluation in community development practices with regard to socio–political theories supporting these models. In addition, both the weak and strong points of each model are discussed and a number of suggestions and implications for providing a comprehensive understanding of the participation issue are provided.
نمایش نتایج ۱ تا ۳ از میان ۳ نتیجه