توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱Esophageal Strictures in Children
اطلاعات انتشار: Journal Of Patient safety and quality improvement، دوم،شماره۳، ۲۰۱۴، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۳
Introduction: To evaluate main aspects of esophageal strictures in children. Materials and Methods:This cross–sectional study was performed on 43 cases of esophageal stenosis ranging from 1 month to 10 years of age who were admitted in Ghaem and Dr. Sheikh Hospitals from 1995 to 2003 in Mashhad, Iran. Results: Most cases were male (56%). The most common cause of esophageal stricture was anastomotic stricture after esophageal atresia surgery (34.9%) followed by strictures due to gastroesophageal reflux (25.6%), chemical burns (11.6%), and congenital a (11.6%). Proximal esophagus was the most common site of stricture (48.8%). Dilatation and operation had been chosen as the treatment of choice for most of our cases (42%). The majority of our patients recovered after receiving the proper treatment (60.5%). Conclusion: Anastomotic stricture after surgical repair of esophageal atresia comprised the most common cause of esophageal stricture. Proximal esophagus was the most common site of stricture. Most of the patients recovered with dilatation, surgery, or a combination of the two.

۲Surgical Causes in Lower Respiratory Tract Infection in Children
اطلاعات انتشار: Journal Of Patient safety and quality improvement، سوم،شماره۱، ۲۰۱۵، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۲
Introduction: To evaluate the surgical causes in pulmonary infection in children. Materials and Methods:In this cross sectional study 203 patients aged between one month and 12 years old were studied in pediatric wards at Ghaem hospital in Mashhad, Iran. Results: Most of patients were male and younger than one year old. Fever and cough were among the most common presentations. Foreign body aspiration, hydatid cyst, empyema and lung abscess were the most common causes that required surgical intervention. Conclusion: Foreign body aspiration and hydatid cyst, empyema and lung abscess are the most common causes of surgical intervention in children with pneumonia.

۳The effect of serum levels of vitamin C on asthmatic children: a systematic review
اطلاعات انتشار: Reviews in Clinical Medicine، سوم،شماره۳، ۲۰۱۶، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۶
Introduction: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory airway disorder that is distinguished by coughing, wheezing, and dyspnea. It is the most common chronic disease among children. Epidemiological trials have suggested that there may be a correlation between vitamin C intake and the incidence of asthma. Specifically, according to these studies, a rapid increase in the occurrence of asthma may be caused by a decreased intake of dietary antioxidants and various vitamins such as vitamin C. A systematic review was performed to determine the role that vitamin C, in terms of both dietary intake and serum levels, had on asthma in children. Methods: PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for studies that provide information on the effects of vitamin C on asthma in children aged between 1 and 17 years. The inclusion criteria specified that the studies involved needed to be cohort and case series involving at least ten patients. Exclusion criteria were non–English articles, case reports, and articles involving children who were aged below or above the age 1 and 17 respectively.Result: A total of 13 studies involving 6503 patients met the inclusion criteria. Dietary vitamin C intake was lower in people with asthma than in those without asthma. Lower quantity dietary intakes and serum levels of vitamin C were also associated with increased incidents of asthma.Conclusion: According to the extracted data, a relatively low dietary intake of vitamin C is associated with an increased risk of asthma and wheezing. Moreover, asthmatic patients who consumed vitamin C exhibited an improvement in their diseases.
نمایش نتایج ۱ تا ۳ از میان ۳ نتیجه