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۱Adolescents’ Perceptions of Khat Chewing Habit in Jazan Region, Saudi Arabia: A Qualitative Study
اطلاعات انتشار: World Applied Sciences Journal، بيست و ششم،شماره۵، ۲۰۱۳، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۷
Khat is used by significant proportion of Jazan population,among them are school students. The aim of this study was to gain a better understanding of perceptions of school students in intermediate and high secondary level about Khat chewing habit. In–depth understanding of student perceptions will help in formulation of effective strategies to reduce the prevalence of the habit and its adverse social and health consequences. This study analyses focus group discussions with 60 intermediate and secondary school students, in an attempt to gain a better understanding of the perceptions of school students on the prevalent habit in the region. The findings are presented with the aid of six “domains”: magnitude of khat chewing, impact of social norms, health problems associated with khat, socioeconomic consequences of khat use and the religion. Students suggested khat prevalence rate ranges between 70– 80%. The majority of participants agree that khat chewing, especially among adult males, is a well–accepted\common behavior. Students reported great burden of Khat chewing on family's budget, except for Faifa mountain groups, who use their own cultivated khat. Regarding khat use and academic performance there was a on how it can affect schooling \academic performance. Most participants consider khat chewing as haram, i.e. prohibited in Islam. Based on these findings, it is recommended that prevention activities should focus on the social acceptability of khat chewing behaviorin the region and implementations of behavior changing programs that focus on adolescence and their peers.
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