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۱An Integrated Approach to Tourism Development and Environmental Protection
اطلاعات انتشار: World Applied Sciences Journal، سي ام،شماره۱، ۲۰۱۴، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۲
The paper shows an environmental approach as the most attractive for tourism when choosing a technological criterion for SMW preparation for processing. The main emphasis is on waste management, as the global problem of the 21st century is the problem of municipal solid waste (MSW, in English SMW – solid municipal waste). It is a problem of SMW, which is involved in the formation of each person, it is the most urgent and requires most attention because it affects every single Russian city or town (primarily the towns of Moscow region and the resort area)[1]. The splendid monograph of London School of Economics professor Robin Murray «The goal of Zero Waste [ 2] (published in 2002 in the UK and in 2004 in Russia ) rightly pointed out that while treating waste, which is part of the system of production and consumption, errors made during the creation of modern materials and their subsequent use were identified. Hence it is very important to identify ways to reduce the amount of materials as potential waste. Analysis of international experience shows that the main effect in reducing the amount of buried and incinerated waste ensures involvement of SMW reuse [3]. For example, in Germany 60 % of SMW is recycled, 25 % is incinerated and 15% is buried, in the Netherlands, these figures are respectively 65 %, 33 % and 2% (data from Eurostat). In civilized towards waste countries (Denmark, Sweden, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Austria, Japan, etc.) SMW is controlled by the criteria of resource preservation and environmental safety, this allows to minimize the cost of the problem solution and to minimize the environmental risk of practical actions [4]. Conclusions are made that the experience of technological solutions to the problem of solid waste in different countries shows that the recycling method meeting modern requirements of economy and ecology is not acceptable for the Russian Federation.
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