توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱The Effect of Empowerment Program on Mother–Infant Interaction and Weight Gain in Preterm Infants
اطلاعات انتشار: Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۵

۲Perception of Iranian nurses regarding ethics– based palliative care in cancer patients
اطلاعات انتشار: Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine، ششم،شماره۱، ۲۰۱۳، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۲
Palliative care is still a topic under discussion in the Iranian healthcare system, and cancer patients require palliative care. Moreover, nursing ethics has an important role in caring for these patients. The purpose of this study was to identify the perception of Iranian nurses regarding ethics–based palliative care in cancer patients.This study was done with a qualitative approach and by using content analysis. In this study, 14 nurses were selected through purposive sampling, and a face–to–face semi structured interview was conducted with each of them. After data collection, all interviews were transcribed and reviewed, and categories were extracted. At first, similarities in meaning were reviewed and based on centralization arranged in sub–categories. Then, relevant sub–categories were arranged in a category after a second review. In general, original categories in the ethics–based palliative care in cancer patients encompass the following: “human dignity”, “professional truthfulness” and “altruism”. Human dignity has 3 sub–categories consisting of ‘respecting patients’, ‘paying attention to patient values’ and ‘empathizing’. Professional truthfulness has 2 sub–categories consisting of ‘truthful speech’ and ‘truthful action’. Lastly, altruism has 3 sub–categories consisting of ‘complete and multi–dimensional patient acceptance’, ‘supportive behavior’ and ‘responsibility’. Content analysis of ethics–based palliative care in cancer patients revealed the required conditions for this type of care based on the perception of nurses. The results of this study suggest that in nurses’ point of view, human dignity, professional truthfulness and altruism all have important roles in ethics–based palliative care in cancer. The findings of this study will give nurses a greater knowledge about ethics–based palliative care in cancer patients, leading to a better understanding of the ethical needs of these patients, and may ultimately help improve the nursing practice.

۳The Effect of Expressive Writing on Psychological Distress in Patients with Vitiligo: A Randomized Clinical Trial
اطلاعات انتشار: Journal of Client-Centered Nursing Care، اول،شماره۱، Feb ۲۰۱۵، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۵
Objective: In this clinical trial, we examined whether or not expressive writing as a psychological intervention reduces psychological distress in vitiligo patients receiving phototherapy. Method: A total of 139 adult vitiligo patients were asked to complete the GHQ–28 in order to identify their psychiatric disturbances. The GHQ–28 scores showed that 78 patients (56.5%) had psychiatric distress. They were later enrolled in this randomized controlled trial conducted during June 2009 until Dec 2009 at Razi Hospital in Tehran. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups. Group A underwent the routine treatment protocol. Group B did the same, but they were also instructed to practice ‘expressive writing’. The intervention continued 4 weeks. After 4 weeks, patients in both groups were re–evaluated using the GHQ–28. Results: The overall GHQ–28 scores and sub–scores were significantly reduced in both groups A (47.9+\–11.71, P = 0.000) and B (48.94+\–10.69, P = 0.000) after 4 weeks of intervention. However, no statistically significance difference was found between the two groups in terms of their overall scores (P = 0.7) and their sub–scores. Conclusion: The effect of expressive writing on reducing psychological distress in patients with vitiligo remains equivocal. Nonetheless, further studies with larger sample sizes and of longer duration especially in non–western cultural contexts are recommended.

۴The Perceived Problem Solving Skill of Iranian Nursing Students
اطلاعات انتشار: Journal of Client-Centered Nursing Care، اول،شماره۳، Aug ۲۰۱۵، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۶
Background: Today’s nursing graduates value ability to creatively solve problems and make decisions, as these skills assist hem with recognizing and evaluating situations that require prompt attention. This study aimed to determine and compare nursing student’s perceived levels of own problem solving skills in various years of their 4–year program.Methods: This is a cross–sectional study. All undergaraduate nursing students (350) included in this study. A total of 322 undergraduate nursing students participated in this study. The study setting was Nursing School of Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. The problem solving inventory (PSI), a widely used measure to assess one’s perceived ability, was used for data collection. Low scores indicated the strong judgment ability and high scores a weak judgment ability. Students involved in the study signed the informed consent forms.Results: Findings showed that the mean score of total problem solving skill was 89.52±21.58. The mean score of this skill in fourth year students (84.18±27.47) was less than other students i.e. the fourth year (senior) students judged their own problem solving abilities stronger than other students.Conclusion: Educating should help students reach the high levels of problem solving skills by allowing them to acquire and practice these abilities in the field. Nursing students with advanced problem solving skills are essential for this changing society.
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