توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱PAULE MARSHALL’S PRAISESONG FOR THE WIDOW: GHOSTS AND AFRICAN MYTHOLOGY
نویسنده(ها): ، ،
اطلاعات انتشار: اولین کنفرانس ملی آموزش زبان انگلیسی، ادبیات و مترجمی، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۸
Myth as a traditional tale bears an obscure relationship to the past that survives outside of a historical reality; nevertheless, it suggests a dynamic understanding of ancestral behaviours. The imaginative power of myth can make up for shortsightedness of historiography which tends to absolutise the events. African mythology and religion, rooted deep in the consciousness of all African people, provides a strong device for speaking out the erased past of their silenced ethnicities. A series of repeated appearances of some ancestral ghosts in Praisesong for the Widow (1983) reveals more than a simple ghost appearance; it represents the return of a generation of all enslaved Africans. The present paper focuses on the ghostly state of Paule Marshall’s Praisesong for the Widow, as one of the best examples of cultural haunting stories, and its profound significance to, generally, myth and, particularly, African mythology. The paper examines the main mythological implications and appearances of the novel are investigated through the lens of Spectral criticism aiming to illustrate the workings of myth and African mythology as a crucial plot device which helps the author to provide the space for effective recuperation of a lost past and the required alteration in the dominant historiography.<\div>

۲RELIGION AS AN IDEOLOGICAL STATE APPARATUS IN SUBJECTIFICATION OF CHILDREN THROUGH ENGLISH NURSERY RHYMES: AN ALTHUSSERIAN PERSPECTIVE
اطلاعات انتشار: اولین کنفرانس ملی آموزش زبان انگلیسی، ادبیات و مترجمی، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۷
There are some ideological elements in nursery rhymes in order to organize patterns of beliefs and behaviors centered on basic social needs. Children are the most impressible group of any society in whom the process of subjectification is much easier. The idea of ideology explains how culture is structured in such a way that enables the group holding power to have the maximum control with the minimum of conflict. For Althusser, it is a person’s response to his\her society’s ideology that makes what he\she is. According to his theories about ideology and subjectification, Ideological State Apparatuses create subjects by producing ideologies. They do this by the process of interpellation or hailing. This article focuses on religion as an ideological state apparatuses and English religious nursery rhymes in this article are examined as the ideological means used by religion in subjectification of children. Like other social institutions, religion contains an ideology.The findings of this study confirm that English religion nursery rhymes are considered by religion as as ideological state apparate as ideological istruments in order to cause the individuals to perceive themselves as free, autonomous subjects, while in reality they are subjected to the dominant religious ideology as a higher authority<\div>

۳HAUNTING BELOVED: RE–MEMORY IN TONI MORRISON’S BELOVED
نویسنده(ها): ، ،
اطلاعات انتشار: اولین کنفرانس ملی آموزش زبان انگلیسی، ادبیات و مترجمی، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۱۰
African American female writers use memory to speak out the traumatic experiences of slavery and to consciously reveal the unconscious pains of being black in a white dominated society. Memory becomes a crucial device through which the detrimental effects of past are struggled to be made up for. Multifaceted nature of memory forbids any fixed definition; however, the duality of memory provides a new entrance to understanding which stands against the cold knowledge offered by Western historiography. Beloved is a novel dealing with recollections, with the things that characters remember, with the memories of slavery, and with the act of remembering itself. The present paper puts forth an argument on how re–memory operates as a process of transcending the haunting memories of the past in Toni Morrison’s Beloved. This novel reflects the process of memory which is the actual act of remembering through the porosity of characters’ consciousness and leaving out of different time frames. Examining memory element in this novel, it is concluded that memory looms large at the hands of African American female writers since through memory narratives they recover the black history ignored by dominant western tradition and revive the lost personal memories and communal traditions.<\div>
نمایش نتایج ۱ تا ۳ از میان ۳ نتیجه