توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقاله‌های نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده می‌شوند.
۱Gender difference in TEOAEs and contralateral suppression of TEOAEs in normal hearing adults
نویسنده(ها): ،
اطلاعات انتشار: ۲۰۱۱ - Number۱۴، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۴
Introduction: Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) are sounds that originate in cochlea and are measured in external auditory canal and provide a simple, efficient and non–invasive objective indicator of healthy cochlear function. Olivo cochlear bundle (OCB) or auditory efferent system is a neural feedback pathway which originated from brain stem and terminated in the inner ear and can be evaluated non–invasively by applying a contralateral acoustic stimulus and simultaneously measuring reduction of OAEs amplitude. In this study gender differences in TEOAE amplitude and suppression of TEOAE were investigated. Method: This study was performed at Akhavan rehabilitation centre belonging to the University of Social welfare and rehabilitation sciences, Tehran, Iran in 2011. 60 young adults (30 female and 30 male) between 21 and 27 years old (mean= 24 years old, SD=1.661) with normal hearing criteria were selected. Right ear of all cases were tested to neutralize side effect if there is any. Results: According to Independent T–test, TEOAE amplitude was significantly greater in females with mean value of 24.98 dB (p–value <0.001) and TEOAE suppression was significantly greater in males with mean value of 2.07 dB (p–value <0.001). Conclusion: This study shows that there is a significant gender difference in adult’s TEOAE (cochlear mechanisms) and TEOAE suppression (auditory efferent system). The exact reason for these results is not clear. According to this study different norms for males and females might be necessary.

۲Age and Gender Effects On Auditory Brain Stem Response (ABR)
نویسنده(ها): ،
اطلاعات انتشار: October ۲۰۱۲ - Number۱۶، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۷
Objectives: Auditory Brain Stem Response (ABR) is a result of eight nerve and brain stem nuclei stimulation. Several factors may affect the latencies, interpeak latencies and amplitudes in ABR especially sex and age. In this study, age and sex influence on ABR were studied. Methods: This study was performed on 120 cases (60 males and 60 females) at Akhavan rehabilitation center of university of welfare and rehabilitation sciences, Tehran, Iran. Cases were divided in three age groups: 18–30, 31–50 and 51–70 years old. Each age group consists of 20 males and 20 females. Age and sex influences on absolute latency of wave I and V, and IPL of I–V were examined. Results: Independent t test showed that females have significantly shorter latency of wave I, V, and IPL I–V latency (P–value < 0.001) than males. Two way ANOVA showed that latency of wave I, V and IPL I–V in 51–70 years old group was significantly higher than 18–30 and 31–50 years old groups (P–value < 0.001) Disscussion: According to the results of present study and similar studies, in clinical practice, different norms for older adults and both genders should be established.
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