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۱Comparison the Number of Killed people at Haiti )7.0M (and Chile )8.8M (Earthquakes in Terms of Development View
نویسنده(ها): ، ، ،
اطلاعات انتشار: سومین کنفرانس بین المللی مقاوم سازی لرزه ای، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۵
Recently, Haiti and Chile earthquakes have killed many people and damaged the buildings, bridges and other establishments .Although at least 200,000 people killed in Haiti magnitude 7.0 earthquake, in Chile only 800 people have lost their lives in a magnitude 8.8 . In this paper, the reasons of situations are examined and presented to clarify unexpected results in terms of development view . First reason, in 2009 Human Development Index, the U.N .ranked Haiti No .149 out of 182 countries, the worst in the Western Hemisphere; Chile was No .44, bested in the Western Hemisphere .In 2009 Corruption Perceptions Index, Transparency International ranked Haiti No . 168 out of 180 countries; Chile was No .25, bested in the Western Hemisphere .Then, Chile is no longer a Third World country but, in many ways, already First World and Haiti was not a Third World country even before the Jan .12 earthquake; it was a type of “Fourth World”–desperately poor and unsustainable on its own .This fundamental difference in “Worlds” goes a long way toward explaining why Haiti would have at least 230,000 people killed in a magnitude 7.0 earthquake, while Chile appears to have lost fewer than 800 killed in a magnitude 8.8. As a second reason, it can be derived from the first :Development levels matter, capability of their governments is also very important parameter to decrease the damage of earthquake .Chile is getting more and more strong not only economic development in recent decades, but also an obvious adherence to strict seismic building codes and standards .<\div>
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