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۱Effect of Combining Hydraulic and Phosphate Bondson Alumina–Spinel Low Cement Castables
نویسنده(ها):
اطلاعات انتشار: International Journal of iron and steel society of Iran، پنجم،شماره۱(پياپي ۸)، ۲۰۰۸، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۵
A basic alumina–spinel low cement castable (LCC) composed of sintered bauxite, reactive alumina, calcined alumina, calcined magnesia, microsilica, and high alumina refractory cement was prepared (castable A) to which 5% sodium hexa–meta phosphate was later added (castab le B) to prepare samples for heat treatment at 110 C, 900 C, and 1400 C. Bulk Density (BD), Apparent Porosity (AP), and Cold Crushing Strength (CCS) were measured and XRD and SEM studies were performed . It was shown that after heat treating at 110 C, CCS of castable B increased by more than 3 times while its AP value was less than half that of castable A. The main difference between the two samples was found to lie in the presence of Mg2P2O7 and AlPO4 .2H2 O which are responsible for increases in CCS. At the temperature range of 800–1000 C where the hydraulic bond reverses to the dehydrated condition and castable A becomes weak with high porosity, castable B showed a CCS value of mo re than 4 times. Needles of magnesium phosphate were found to be responsible for reinforcing the microstructure of castable B at 900 C. After firing at 1400 C, castable B showed extraordinary CCS values of up 100 MPa (about 1000 Kg\Cm2), 5 times stronger, and AP% of below 1\5 times that of castable A. The phases present after firing were alumina, Al2 O3, spinel, MgAl2O4, calcium phosphate, Ca3 (PO4)2 and Enstatite, and MgSiO3. Magnesium phosphate melted at 1300–1 400 C and aided the formation of ceramic b ond s. The Ca coming from calcium aluminate cement reacted with phosphate and developed refractory calcium phosphate.
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