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۱Innovation Networks and Network Policies
نویسنده(ها): ،
اطلاعات انتشار: هفتمین همایش مراکز تحقیق و توسعه صنایع و معادن، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۸
The concept of "network" has become so popular during the past ten years that critiques are already talking about its abuse (Grandori and Soda 1995). However, despite its widespread use, there is no consensus about the appropriate definition of networks. Networks are often characterized with the concept of "loose coupling": Networks have been analyzed by researchers from many different disciplines with varied research interests and approaches. They have focused on different aspects and levels of network formation. Some researchers take an interpersonal perspective and emphasize the non–economic bases of social exchange and the importance of interpersonal relationships for productive cooperation, economic efficiency and innovativeness (Granovetter 1973,1995; Miettinen et al. 1999). Others emphasize the structural approach and focus on the configuration, number and quality of network ties (Nahapiet and Ghoshal 1998; Mattila and Uusikylä 1999). Still others focus on the institutional nature of networks and define them as a distinct organizational arrangement comparable to markets and corporate hierarchies (Powell 1990; Williamson 1991). There are many different types of networks in modern economies. They can be divided into vertical and horizontal networks according to the value–adding chain Finally, the stability of networks may also vary considerably. In general, networks are seen as a structure of loosely coupled actors, which makes it easy for new members to join them and for established partners to leave if they want. This could mean that the membership of networks would change quite rapidly and the relationships within them would be relatively unstable. However, networks are usually characterized by close interdependency and high–trust relationships among their members, both factors which contribute to the stability of networks. We can therefore characterize networks as stable and changeable at the same time.
Key words : networks , Innovation Network , strategic management , Industrial network Theory , Innovation Model , Network Policies .<\div>

۲Network management – a critical capability in dynamic economy
نویسنده(ها): ،
اطلاعات انتشار: هفتمین همایش مراکز تحقیق و توسعه صنایع و معادن، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۵
The fundamental question in the field of strategic management is how firms achieve and sustain competitive advantage.. Why is the network perspective important? The way economic value is created is radically changing. The importance of knowledge, technological complexity, global competition and digital information technology are driving this change. Empowered by the digital media, network organizations are expected to take the leading role in economic and social innovations.
We aim to contribute to the development of network management by integrating notions from Industrial Network Theory (INT) and the Dynamic Capabilities View (DCV). The first section concerns the nature of strategic networks in a value–system framework, and the second examines network management from the perspectives of INT and DCV. The objective is to identify the basic capabilities required in managing different types of strategic nets, and to elaborate their characteristics and interrelatedness.We believe that, in order to further understanding of the dynamic capabilities required in high–velocity contexts, we have to expand our level of analysis from that of the organization to what we call strategic nets, and also to the macro networks forming their environment. The problem is the increasing methodological complexity. It seems evident that strategic nets can both create and master capabilities that are beyond the capacity of any single actor.<\div>
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