توجه: محتویات این صفحه به صورت خودکار پردازش شده و مقالههای نویسندگانی با تشابه اسمی، همگی در بخش یکسان نمایش داده میشوند.
اطلاعات انتشار: بهار- شماره ۱۴، سال ۱۳۸۲
تعداد صفحات: ۲۶
اطلاعات انتشار: پاییز- شماره ۷، سال ۱۳۸۱
تعداد صفحات: ۱۰
اطلاعات انتشار: پاییز- شماره ۹، سال ۱۳۸۲
تعداد صفحات: ۲۸
The historical experience of many developing countries show that many developing world has not paid enough attention and is not giving serious thought to its agricultural sector. In fact, nearly all the countries that have “undervalued” their agricultural sectors not only failed to grow rapidly, but they all encountered domestic food shortages, balance of payment crisis and some sort of political instability. To develop, industrialization is not enough. Industrialization as a path to development can not succeed without the prior or concurrent emergence of a productive agricultural sector. Using time series data, this paper shows that variation in industrial growth has been significantly associated with variation in agricultural growth over the first period of the development process in Iran. It has further demonstrated that agricultural growth induced productivity increases, and therefore facilitated overall economic growth. Moreover, the role of agriculture was even far important than that of exports in fostering productivity in the post–revolution era. Agricultural growth compensated for the small contribution made by export growth and smoothed some of the adverse effects of inflation.
۴the age of globalization and its impact on asia``s agricultural trade: an application of a "chain" comparative advantage index
اطلاعات انتشار: بهار- شماره ۱۰، سال ۱۳۸۳
تعداد صفحات: ۲۶
Due to timely process of WTO negotiations, unwillingness of advanced industrial countries to give concessions to developing economies regarding tariff and non–tariff barriers on agricultural commodity imports, the ongoing initiatives in Northern hemisphere to establish new and wider free trading areas which will divert trade out of the market from Asian countries, ineffectiveness of deepening and widening existing regional trading blocs in Asia, the only promising avenue for Asian developing economies to expand agricultural trade and increase economic welfare of the majority of their population engaging in agricultural production is to resort to extensive regional integration and cooperation. However, to be successful, all countries in the continent must adhere to the principle of comparative advantage as the engine of regional integration. Further, agricultural resources must be spatially allocated among local, national and regional geographic boundaries according to their natural resource endowments and comparative advantage in production and trade, so as to maximize the benefits of specialization. It is through this allocation arrangement that regional economic integration will be to the benefit of the people in Asia.
اطلاعات انتشار: پاییز- شماره ۱۴، سال ۱۳۸۴
تعداد صفحات: ۴۴
Generating effective employment opportunities is one of the principal challenges faced by development planners in Iran. If investment projects are undertaken on the basis of sectoral priorities in production and employment, the economic and social problems emanating from unemployment will be reduced, helping the Country''''s process of development. In this paper, an attempt is made to identify key sectors in terms of generating output and employment in the economy of Iran as a results of increased investment. The novelty of our approach is to demonstrate how inter–industry relations (input–output table), investment coefficients, and incremental labor–output and capital–output ratios can be integrated to accomplish the above objective. The empirical application of this approach has revealed the pronounced effect of investment on economic and employment growth potential of the service sector and some of manufacturing subdivisions like clothing and leather, other basic metal industries, food and textile manufacturing and wood paper and printing industries.
اطلاعات انتشار: بهار- شماره ۱۶، سال ۱۳۸۵
تعداد صفحات: ۳۴
In May 2004, ten countries joined the European Union. Most of these countries that are located in the central and eastern part of Europe have different historical background and economic structure, compared to the older EU members. Doubt, the economic consequences of the enlargement of the EU toward Eastern Europe, is one of the main interests of the researchers in recent years and it will be extended well over the first decades of the new Millennium. With the expansion of Eu, the implications of regional economic cooperation and competition for all EU members, in terms of resource allocation, the concentration of economic activities and its welfare consequences, depends upon utilization of economic resources. Effective utilization of resources in turn, rests upon realization and exploitation of comparative advantage in different arrays of economic activity. Given the fact that most of the old members of the EU have relatively a well–established, internationally competitive industrial base, with their manufacturing firms closer to the technological frontier whereas the new members are endowed with more heterogeneous natural resources and more diversified agricultural products, the potentials of agricultural trade seems to exist for the hew corners for the years to come. The main purpose of this paper is to measure the degree and the extent of comparative advantages in agricultural crop production and to compare the results for the old and new members. The Bowen comparative advantage index as well as a simple regression model will be used in this regard. This demonstration will highlight the relative strengths of the new members in exploiting their agricultural trade potential and may help to formulate effective policies for domestic production, distribution and marketing activities in the enlarged EU for further exploitation of potential agricultural commodities trade.
اطلاعات انتشار: Fall ۲۰۰۸ - Number ۲۲، سال ۰
تعداد صفحات: ۳۰
In May 2004, ten countries joined the European Union. Most of these countries that are located in the central and eastern part of Europe have different historical background and economic structure, compared to the older EU members. One of the pertinent issues of EU Accession is the economic consequences for the countries neighboring the enlarged EU and the impact on trade of between these countries. The implication of regional economic cooperation and competition for all the EU members and countries located further to the East of EU, including countries in the Middle East and Central Asia in terms of resource allocation, the concentration of economic activities and its welfare implications, all depends upon how the new economic opportunities are exploited. The main purpose of this paper is to measure the degree and extent of comparative advantage in agricultural crop production and to compare the results for the enlarged European Union and countries located further toward the eastern frontier of the EU. The Bowen comparative advantage index as well as a simple regression model will be used in this regard. This paper will highlight the relative strengths and weaknesses of the countries in this ‘bloc" in exploiting their agricultural trade potential.This paper, first, represents theoretical aspects of rational bubbles. Second, it shows one of the tests introduced to detect rational bubbles– integration\ cointegration based test. Finally, on the empirical side, it explores existence of both explosive and periodically collapsing bubbles in Tehran Stock Exchange. The results reject the existence of explosive bubbles but fail to reject the existence of periodically collapsing ones.
اطلاعات انتشار: Spring ۲۰۰۹ - Number ۲۳، سال ۰
تعداد صفحات: ۲۶
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