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۱The Effects of Ethanol Exract of Desmodium velutinum Stem on Liver Markers of Albino Wistar Rats Fed with High Fat Diet
نویسنده(ها): ، ، ، ،
اطلاعات انتشار: World Applied Sciences Journal، سي و يكم،شماره۱۰، ۲۰۱۴، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۵
The effect of ethanol stem extract of Desmodium velutinum on some liver enzymes of albino Wistar rats fed with high fat diet was analyzed. Twenty four healthy albinoWistar rats were divided into four groups of six rats each. Group I rats were fed with normal feed, group II rats were fed with 10mg\ml of high fat diet, group III rats received 10mg\ml of high fat diet + 5mg\kg of atorvastatin while group IV rats were fed with 10mg\ml of high fat diet + 5mg\kg of ethanol stem extract of Desmodium velutinum. The rats were sacrificed at the end of the experiments which lasted for two weeks. The results showed that ethanol stem extract of Desmodium velutinum possesse shepato protective activity on the fatty liver of albino Wistar rat fed with high fat diet. Desmodium velutinum showed variable amount of phytochemicals including flavonoids, alkaloids, saponins, tannins and terpenoids which were determined quantitatively and qualitatively using standard methods. The significant effect of Desmodium velutinume than olstem extract was compared with that of standard drug atorvastatin and the result suggest that the ethanol stem extract of Desmodium velutinum could be used in the treatment of liver diseases.

۲Water Imbibition Assay of Fifty–Two Selected Nigerian Timbers
نویسنده(ها): ، ، ،
اطلاعات انتشار: World Applied Sciences Journal، سي و يكم،شماره۱۰، ۲۰۱۴، سال
تعداد صفحات: ۴
timbers was analyzed. The timber; Erthrophleum ivorense had the least water imbibition capacity of 7.2%, 10.0% and 15.4% at the stipulated times (0.5h, 5h & 24h) respectively. Spathodea campanulata with respective water imbibition capacity of 104.8%, 185.7% and 280.0% had the highest porosity index. From the results, Protea elliottii,after 0.5h and 5h water imbibitions had the highest porosity index of 136.6% and 198.4% respectively while Spathodea companulata’s porosity index at the same time were 104.8% and 185.7% respectively. The porosity index of Spathodea campanulata increased to 280.0% after 24h water imbibition while that of Protea elliotttii increased to 253.3% after 24h. This showed that Spathodea campunlata has the capacity of absorbing water over a period of time more than other timbers. The results also revealed an inverse relationship between water imbibition (porosity index) and ODD of fifty–two selected Nigerian timbers.
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